This sport, popularly known today as tennis, had its origins in England; although the north of France in the 12th century is also pointed out as its possible origin. The main discrepancy is that, during that century, the ball was hit with the hand, instead of a racket, which is why it was called the palm game (jeu de paume). It was not until the beginning of the 16th century that a wooden racket was used instead of the hands, then it received the name of tennis.
Between 1859 and 1865, Harry Gem and his friend Augurio Perera developed a game that combined elements of the racket (this word may come from the Arabic word rahat, which means “palm of the hand”) and the ball of the ball game. Basque, which was played on the Perera cricket ground in Birmingham, UK.1 In 1872, the two moved to Leamington Spa. In 1884, together with two local doctors, they founded the first tennis club, the Leamington Tennis Club.
Beginnings of professionalism
Since that year, tournaments only for professional tennis players began to appear, including three Grand Slams: the United States Professional Tennis Championship, the French Pro Championship and the Wembley Championship.